2015 Federal Poverty Levels (FPL) For Affordable Care Act

Department of Health and Human Services Seal

People who don’t have health insurance from work can buy health coverage under the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare. The premiums are made affordable by a premium subsidy in the form of a tax credit calculated off your income relative to the federal poverty levels (FPL), also known as HHS poverty guidelines.

You qualify for the premium subsidy only if your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) is at 400% FPL or below. Modified Adjusted Gross Income for Obamacare is basically your gross income minus above-the-line deductions, plus tax-exempt muni bond interest, plus untaxed Social Security benefits. In order to see if you qualify for the premium subsidy, you have to know where the FPL is.

Here are the numbers for coverage in 2014, 2015, and 2016. They increase with inflation every year in mid-January. These are applied with a one-year lag. Your eligibility for a premium subsidy for 2015 is based on the FPL number announced in 2014. The new number announced in 2015 will be used for coverage in 2016.

There are three sets of numbers. FPLs are higher in Alaska and Hawaii than in 48 contiguous states and Washington DC.

48 Contiguous States and Washington DC

Number of persons in household 2014 coverage 2015 coverage 2016 coverage
1 $11,490 $11,670 $11,770
2 $15,510 $15,730 $15,930
3 $19,530 $19,790 $20,090
4 $23,550 $23,850 $24,250
more add $4,020 each add $4,060 each add $4,160 each


Number of persons in household 2014 coverage 2015 coverage 2016 coverage
1 $14,350 $14,580 $14,720
2 $19,380 $19,660 $19,920
3 $24,410 $24,740 $25,120
4 $29,440 $29,820 $30,320
more add $5,030 each add $5,080 each add $5,200 each


Number of persons in household 2014 coverage 2015 coverage 2016 coverage
1 $13,230 $13,420 $13,550
2 $17,850 $18,090 $18,330
3 $22,470 $22,760 $23,110
4 $27,090 $27,430 $27,890
more add $4,620 each add $4,670 each add $4,780 each


[Photo credit: Flickr user DonkeyHotey]

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  1. Steve Treisman says

    My adjusted gross income for 2014 is now expected to be in the 46,400 range. I signed up for Obamacare in December, 2013 starting in January 2014 and am receiving a subsidy. My subsidy was based on the 2013 FPL levels which I estimated my MAGI to be $45,000. When I reconcile my 2014 taxes do I reconcile using the 2013 or 2014 Federal Poverty level?
    400% of the FPL for 2014 is $46,680 which means I receive a subsidy.
    400% of the FPL for 2013 is $45,960 which means no subsidy and must be back the subsidy I received.
    Which one is correct? I am receiving conflicting answers. Thank you.

    • Harry Sit says

      It’s 2014 income against 2013 FPL. You are cutting it very close. A dividend payment or year-end capital gains distribution from your investments can throw you over. Please do all you can to manage it down, including making tax-deductible contributions to 401k, IRA, and HSA. See Stay Off the Obamacare Premium Subsidy Cliff.

  2. Kathy Kondrath says

    Like Steve, I have been receiving a subsidy since January. In August I made a substantial withdrawal from my IRA to pay for a new home because my home had not sold yet. I notified the marketplace & had my insurance switched to a different plan & subsidy amount. I was figuring I would come in at about the $43,000. income level but now it looks like it might be $46,500. I’m terrified. I was thinking of putting $6500 into a traditional IRA but I’ve seen conflicting info on whether that will lower my MAGI or not. Can you give me any input??? I will greatly appreciate any suggestions. Thank you!!

    • Harry Sit says

      Do you have earned income from working? You can only contribute to Traditional IRA if you have earned income. If you do, it will lower your MAGI.

  3. Sharon Long says

    I am 63 years old and am collecting Social Security. I earn about $11,500 per year from my job. How can I find how much of a subsidy I can receive to buy health insurance which I cannot afford without help.

  4. Rita Thoele says

    I was told by connectforhealthco (Colorado) that the poverty level for 2014 dropped to 200% to qualify for health insurance credits. Do you know if this is only applicable to CO or they don’t know the regulations?

    Thanks for any information.

  5. MSB says

    Are your 2014 FPL numbers $300 high across the board? My 2014 form 8926 says family of 4 FPL is $23,550–not 23,850.

    • Harry Sit says

      Please note the bold part. The numbers are applied with a one-year lag. 2013 numbers determine 2014 eligibility. 2014 numbers determine 2015 eligibility. 2015 numbers determine 2016 eligibility.

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