In preparation for converting my non-deductible IRA contributions to Roth IRA, I’m rolling over the pre-tax portion of my traditional IRA to my solo 401k. I set up the solo 401k last year primarily for this purpose — to provide a harbor for my pre-tax IRA money so I won’t get taxed proportionally on my Roth conversion. After the rollover, I should have only one small IRA, consisting of my non-deductible contributions plus or minus market fluctuations from now until I convert.
I have my solo 401k with Fidelity. When I called them about the rollover procedures, to my surprise, the rep actually discouraged me from doing so. To his credit, he made valid points. He knew what he was talking about. Fidelity trained them well.
He said the 401k has more restrictive rules on withdrawals. Before I reach 59-1/2, I can withdraw from a traditional IRA for any reason. I just have to pay tax and the 10% early withdrawal penalty. Not that people should do that but that option is there. If I put the money into the solo 401k, I have to qualify for specific hardship events before I’m allowed to withdraw and pay the tax and the 10% penalty. Fidelity’s solo 401k plan does not allow loans.
He also said rolling over money in an IRA to a solo 401k will get the solo 401k closer to an IRS reporting threshold. When a solo 401k plan’s assets reach $250,000, the plan administrator will have to file a Form 5500-EZ with the IRS every year. I can avoid the extra paperwork for more years if I don’t rollover IRA money into my solo 401k.
I would agree with him if I’m not preparing for the Roth conversion. I decided the benefits of low taxes on Roth conversion outweigh the restrictions on withdrawals and the extra paperwork.
The actual rollover consists of two steps. Because I’d like to keep the assets in my IRA, I would transfer in-kind to a new Fidelity Rollover IRA as a bridge. After that’s done, Fidelity needs a letter from me as the administrator of my solo 401k to accept the rollover from my Fidelity Rollover IRA. Then the bridge rollover IRA will be closed. Fidelity will not charge the usual $50 IRA closing fee.
I initiated the partial rollover online with Fidelity last Wednesday. I mailed the transfer of assets form on Thursday. By Tuesday, the rollover is completed. Four business days. Fidelity did a very good job.
With the rollover, I said goodbye to Vanguard Brokerage Service. Vanguard is a great mutual fund company, but its brokerage service is substandard. In order to avoid complications with the rollover, I wanted to change my dividend reinvestment election from automatically reinvest to taking the dividend in cash. I got this nice message when I tried to do so:
Vanguard Brokerage Service is saying their computers for processing dividend reinvestment elections go off their shift at 5 p.m. Eastern time. I honestly cannot think of any reason why computers work only a day shift.